Spanish and Quechua are official languages. Otherwise, aymara and other indian languages which are unofficial are still are spoken.
Peru has mainly two seasons; a rain period and a dry period. However, the weather may vary depending on the region. Temperatures also depend on the elevation, the higher up you find the colder it will be. High season for tourists is between June and August, which also means that prices are higher then. Hiking in the Andes (for example to Machu Picchu) should be avoided during the rainy season, from December to March. In the Andes, the temperature difference between day and night is high. In the days it can be over 20 and nights down to 0. The rainy season in the Andes and the Amazon stretches from November to March.
Time difference with USA:
- 2 hours, summer time Los Angeles – 1 hour summer time New York.
220 V. Both "Swedish round" contacts and flat "American" pins are present so adapter may be required.
In Peru there are several local markets that you definitely must not forget a visit. It enjoys beautiful handmade clothes and jewelry at reasonable prices as you are allowed to bargain down to almost nonexistent. Nice things to buy include alpaca knits, alpaca slippers, alpaca sweaters, alpaca scarves. Alpaca is a camel that is related to “llama”, vicuña and guanaco. In Peru today there are about 85% of all alpaca in the world. Other kinds of souvenirs can be purchased in the so-called "Indian markets" shirts, ceramics, handicrafts and crafts.
Transport and roads:
The bus system in Peru works excellent, though some distances are deep in the clean forest and within deep breathtaking villages there are no paved roads. Taxi also works well, but just make sure you have done the price before there is no taximeter in the car. Prices are attractively low.
Peruvian sol, 1 USD = about 3.30 soles (September 2018). Take USD in banknotes.
Accepted at hotel and in major stores, visa and mastercard are widely accepted. ATMs are common in cities.
Passport and Visa:
Valid passport. American citizens do not need a visa
In some natural parks deep in the cleaning forest, vaccination against malaria and yellow fever is required. After individual assessment. For more information contact your local vaccination center.
Tips are usual among workers in tourist activity, especially to local guides and drivers, counting 3 USD per day / person, adventure guides 10 usd.